1. If today is the 25th of December then it is Christmas. Today is the 25th of December. Therefore it is Christmas.
P1: If today is the 25th of December then it is Christmas.
P2: Today is the 25th of December.
C: Therefore, it is Christmas. The above argument is valid because it is written in the valid argument form known as Modus Ponens. We can clearly see that the argument is valid if it is in this form because it is “truth preserving.” What this means it that no matter what content of the argument is, you will always get a true conclusion, assuming the premises are true. Modus Ponens if an argument form where you affirm the antecedent of an “if, then” statement. Next, we can see that the above argument is sound because we already evaluated…show more content… The dictionary states that an encyclopedia is book or set of books giving information on many subjects or on many aspects of one subject and typically arranged alphabetically. Therefore, an encyclopedia is in fact a book or set of books giving information on many subjects or on many aspects of one subject and typically arranged alphabetically.
P1: The dictionary states that an encyclopedia is book or set of books giving information on many subjects or on many aspects of one subject and typically arranged alphabetically.
C: Therefore, an encyclopedia is in fact a book or set of books giving information on many subjects or on many aspects of one subject and typically arranged alphabetically. To begin, this is an inductive argument. We know this because it is an argument based on authority, which is classified as an inductive argument. An argument based on authority must be using an expert in the field, a consensus of experts, factual in nature, verifiable, and interested in finding the truth. An inductive argument is one that claims that if the premises are true, the conclusion follows with probability. This argument is strong because it is worth further investigation. The conclusion follows if the premises are true. We can agree that the argument is cogent because the definition of encyclopedia is in fact as stated in the