Arctic Tundra Research Paper

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Shawn Dominguez The tundra is the coldest of all the biomes. The word Tundra actually comes from Finnish word “Tunturia” which means, treeless plain (Ballard 1). The tundra consist of extremely low temperatures, little amount of rain, short seasons to grow, poor nutrients, and last but not least frost molded landscapes. There are two variations of the tundra, artic and alpine. The arctic tundra is located in the northern hemisphere. The arctic is known for its severe cold. So this makes it difficult to grow crops. The growing season ranges from 50 to 60 days. So this is why no human can actually live here. They can but it would be extremely difficult due to the climate conditions. The average winter temperature is -34° C (-30° F), but the average summer temperature is 3-12° C (37-54° F) which helps plants and animals for this short amount of time (Ballard 1). The rainfall varies in certain areas of the arctic. The tundra has a layer of permanently frozen subsoil called permafrost. The permafrost is made of finer material and gravel. “When water saturates the upper surface, bogs and ponds may form, providing…show more content…
They also learned how and when to breed and raise young quickly in the summer. It must be hard breeding in the matter of 2 months. The young also must have trouble trying to learn how to survive in the course of 2 months. They have to be ready for a brutal winter coming and if they aren’t ready they might die. Mammals and birds also have a lot of extra fat so they can keep warm. Many of the animals start to hibernate during the winter because there will be nothing to eat due to the intense climate change. Another thing to do is migrate to the south in the winter. The reptiles and amphibians are not present at all in the tundra because of the extremely cold weather. Animals that live in the artic are pikas, marmots, mountain goats, sheep, elk, ect (Ballard

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