Aboriginal Self Governance

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Canada is strong promoter of human rights however its reputation on indigenous rights is not as good. When the Indian Act came into effect, it took away traditional governance systems, and forced various rules upon each aboriginal. Aboriginal people have been fighting for their right of self governance according to their own traditions for many years. This paper will demonstrate how self governance is a better approach for aboriginals in the near by future. Aboriginals were known as self governing, before Europeans arrived in Canada. Once the Indian Act came into effect in 1876, this started to change the lives of each and every aboriginal person. In my opinion in think in 21st century aboriginal communities should practise Self government…show more content…
With this, they can preserve their culture and integrity too. Self government is key to success for aboriginals because aboriginal communities know what they want, they are still stick to their culture and they want to carry their norms till end. Self government varies from treaty to treaty. An example would be the Canadian charter of rights and freedoms and the Criminal Code of Canada will be supporting self governance for aboriginals. Aboriginals would be able to make laws related to the treaty land and the provision of public service for their people, which includes health care, education and other social services. First Nations (Aboriginals) are required to consult with local residents on decisions that directly relate to them such as health or school. Having a self government tends to provide better opportunities for aboriginal people living within their traditional territory. That way they do not…show more content…
Aboriginals want their rights back because they were the one who owned the land and due to european settlers they lost their powers. Even today, aboriginals want to practise their own culture and they want to be one who has right to dominate in this country with their norms and with the self government they can achieve freedom and development of their communities. There have been some evidences which shows that self government is the key determinant to the success of aboriginal society. Members of the Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development have been studying Indian tribes in the United States and First Nations in Canada for more than 15 years now. They have been able to demonstrate that economic development and self-sufficiency are closely linked to the existence of three critical factors: practical sovereignty, meaning genuine decision-making power over internal affairs, governance, resources, institutions, and development strategies; capable governing institutions, which exercise power effectively, responsibly, and reliably; and, cultural match, which are formal institutions of government that match indigenous conceptions of how authority should be organized and exercised. Simply put, there is a vast difference between situations where communities are simply administering programs and service

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