Vygotsky's Theory Of Cognitive Development

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Chapter 2 Review of Literature The following review of literature is a description and summary of the research results that inspired and guided the study. Included are the findings of the study that investigated effective teaching practices in reading and factors affecting adolescent readers. Theories of Reading According to Vygotsky (1978), learning is a social process; thus classrooms must represent social places. The best classroom environment for struggling readers is one where they can think and talk aloud with their classmates and the teacher about their ideas and questions, (Tankersley, 2005, p.18). Dickinson and Tabors (2000), state that young children who receive high scores on language tests are also early readers who come from…show more content…
It is not simply a matter of applying decoding conventions and grammatical knowledge to the text. Good readers are able to relate text and their own background knowledge efficiently. The schema theory relates primarily to comprehension, as learners activate both knowledge of the reading topic, and knowledge of the way language works. For example, as children read they begin to develop an understanding of basic sentence structure, which will help with decoding new texts. Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development, according to Sosnowski, may also be applied to the process of reading instruction. Piaget's theory relies on the idea that learning is constructed by both the learner and the instructor. The theory stresses assimilation of material and eventual equilibrium of the new material in the learner's long-term memory. Similar to the schema theory, Piaget's theory uses the learner's own knowledge as a baseline for increasing both skills and…show more content…
reading because fluency is directly related to students' ability to understand (Hasbrouck, 2010). According to the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (2000), research over the past two decades has identified repeated reading as the key strategy for improving learners' fluency skills. Furthermore, research has also determined that student who read aloud along with a model of well-paced, expressive reading and receiving specific feedback through progress monitoring also helps improve students' fluency skills (Hasbrouck, 2010). In other words, fluent reading assists

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