Transmittals play an essential role in ensuring food for many rural poor households and thusconstitute an efficient strategy for facing adversities such as low agricultural productivity and theinherent risks and instability of farming activities. Moreover, Transmittals may serve as insuranceto improve or counter crisis situations, thus limiting negative effects on food security. Evidenceshows that the impact of transmittals on agriculture is mixed and highly contextual. In some cases,migration and transmittals foster household farm investment and agricultural production, while inothers, the opposite occurs.
Transmittals are made by the migrants tothe members of their family in village. Thefindings on the effects of migration on ruralemployment,…show more content… Supporters of thisview consider migration to be a household strategyin which economic and social links between themigrant and his/her household are maintained.This view emphasizes the benefits arising from thetransfer of resources to rural areas, such as financialor in-kind Transmittals, as well as the generationand transmission of new skills and innovative ideas.Individual and collective Transmittals contributeto the subsistence and well-being of rural families.Investment of migrant’s income in farm and nonfarmactivities and even increased consumptionmay also create employment opportunities directlyand indirectly. Accordingly, it is recommended thatpolicies be designed to increase the social, economicand financial links between migrants and theircommunities or places of origin. Reality, however,is more complex. A wide range of variables – suchas local context, type and extent of migration andsize of transmittals – interact with and influencethe effect of workforce loss in rural areas and theimpact of financial transfers from migrants to theirfamily and community of origin. The major impactsof migration and transmittals on agriculture andrural employment depend directly on patterns ofexpenditure, investments and labour allocation…show more content… The size & amountremitted depends on several factors such as thecapacity of the migrant & social & economic positionat the place of migration. The low educated or illiteratemigrants who are placed in lower job positions seemto be more regular in remitting money compared tothose who are highly educated & placed in superiorjob positions.
Research Objectives :
This paper examines the impact of remittanceon agriculture, health & education and povertyalleviation and inequality in rural areas.
This study is mainly based on secondary source& data is obtained from books & reports on migration& rural