Queen of Egypt. The stories and myths surrounding Cleopatra's tragic life inspired a number of books, movies and plays, including Antony and Cleopatra by Shakespeare. Cleopatra has become one of the most well known ancient Egyptians. Born in 69 BC, Cleopatra was the third daughter of Ptolemy XII Auletes. After watching the humiliating efforts of her father to maintain himself on the throne of Egypt by buying the support of powerful Romans, she learned her political lessons. When he died in 51 B.C.