The Pros And Cons Of The Institutional Review Board

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Many people, including researchers and scientists, may have different views of what is to be considered “ethical” and “unethical”. The Institutional Review Board (IRB) was put in place for that very reason; to protect the rights and well-being of people involved in research, according to certain ethical guidelines or “common rules”. In my opinion, I believe that the IRB does an adequate job regulating and setting specifications for research while still granting some freedoms to fellow researchers. The Institutional Review Board holds a set of reasonable standards for which they approve experiments. Some of these standards include the following: risks to subjects are minimized, the experiment has anticipated benefits that are practical in relation to the risks, informed consent from subjects will be sought, and appropriately documented, the selection of subjects will be equitable in that no particular class will be taken advantage of due to their easy availability, compromised position or manipulability and the privacy of the subjects will be protected. There have been many instances throughout history that demonstrate why we must have the IRB and clear guidelines in…show more content…
The study used disadvantaged soldiers, prostitutes, prisoners and mental patients. Doctors infected these subjects with syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases, without the informed consent of the subjects. Although they treated most of the subjects with antibiotics, this experiment resulted in at least eighty-three deaths. This experiment clearly violated many policies the IRB set in place. The study did not minimize risks to the human subjects. In fact, it increased their risks, and it also took advantage of numerous vulnerable populations, without their

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