Spirituality In Malaysia Literature Review

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Since 2009, research interest in workplace spirituality in Malaysia has undergone steady growth. Commonly found are studies that conceptualized and operationalized spirituality at work either within Malay/Islamic-dominated organizations or values-driven workplace. However, notably emerging and fast dominating among them is convergence work i.e. examining the spiritual employee situated in a workplace with three combined characteristics - diversity, spirituality and religion, and collectivism. This growing interest in convergence work in Malaysia suggests that research is aligned with recent thought leaders advocating towards a much needed approach that is inclusive and integrative in understanding the spirit at work. Through convergence work,…show more content…
It shares similar views that spirituality at the workplace is key in addressing human capital due to its significant role in organizations. Therefore, convergence work potentially addresses current limitations of the application of workplace spirituality in human resource development, by attempting to operationalize within specific contexts, where reasonable generalizations reflect the particularistic work climate at hand. As convergence work is at the nascent stage and its path laid with complexities, it is important to analyse early empirical evidence from Malaysian studies, moving forward. This paper begins with literature review, then followed by the methodology. Next, the findings are discussed. This includes critical analysis of definitions, dimensions, measurements, and linkages to job outcomes. The paper concludes with limitations and future research areas in convergence…show more content…
The importance of religion is pledged in everyday lives through the Declaration of the Rukun Negara (the National Principles of Malaysia), where the first tenet is to “Believe in God” (Department of National Unity and Integration, 2013). Nationally, the dominant articulations of religion is Islam. This is provided by the Constitution of Malaysia that states Islam as the official religion of the Federation. Universal Islamic values are advocated and applied within the broader framework of the multi-religious Malaysian life. Yet, freedom of worship is guaranteed for other adherents. For most of the working population, both concepts are not only discussed interchangeably, they are considered inseparable at work. Hence, it is commonplace to observe employees bringing religion to work. Therefore, workplaces in Malaysia can be best described by Ashmos and Duchon’s idea of a spiritual workplace, that is an environment that provides the opportunity for self-expression of ‘one’s many aspects of one’s being, not merely the ability to perform physical or intellectual

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