Similarities Between The Parthenon And The Pantheon

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The Parthenon and The Pantheon The Parthenon of Athens, Greece and The Pantheon of Rome, Italy, both represented the providence, power, and cultural influence their individual cities carried at the time of construction. While sharing many similarities in aspects of background, design, and religious use, their differences are what gave these buildings their unique and memorable qualities that were unlike any other structures at that time. In 449 BC, 30 years before the Parthenon was erected, Athens was in ruins from Persian invaders. Pericles, the ruler of Athens, established a building program that would rebuild damaged and destroyed temples, rebuilding Athens as a whole. The still under construction “older Parthenon," which was going to be a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena, was one of the buildings destroyed during the invasions. Pericles arranged to have a new Parthenon built in its place on top of Athens’ Acropolis, the highest point in the city. The new temple would be the largest building made out of marble in that era.…show more content…
It was built using a 4:9 ratio that applied to the length and width of the building and the space between the columns. This ratio provided symmetry and complimented the Athenian definition of perfection. The Athenians also used entasis, a method of construction that creates the illusion of perfectly straight lines through the use of slight curves. It used post and lintel architecture and was created in the Doric style with Doric columns, pediments, metopes, and triglyphs, but also contained Ionic stylings such as an Ionic inner frieze and inner columns. Doric columns surrounded the building while holding up two pediments on the east and west sides. The Parthenon only took 10 years for its completion in 432

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