Racial Disparity In The Criminal Justice System

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Racial differences have been a problem from early civilization and have always been the issue in our society. The racism belief that one race is superior to the other race by color, class, and status. It is the different discourse of racial minorities from other racial groups in society. In many countries, some people receive benefits from the color of skin while others oppress for the same reason. The criminal justice system of Canada and America established equality and fair treatment to all under the constitutional law. However, people still face discrimination on race in the criminal justice system. This paper will focus on the intersection between how the criminal justice system works and how the racial inequality plays a role within…show more content…
400). Also, the race has a direct effect on sentencing at the federal and state level that Black drug offenders receive harsher punishment than Whites even while taking economic status, prior criminal record, offense severity, and sentencing into account. It is the combination of police practices, legislative, and executive policy that treat Black offenders differently than Whites. The racial disparity occurs in the court system where Blacks receive more severe punishment than…show more content…
Wortley (2003) article represents that the two variables that keep the Whites away from police contacts are age and social class. Whites with higher income are less likely to be targets of the police. Whereas, Blacks with higher economic status are more likely to get targets of the police patrolling. Wortley (2003) demonstrates that the intersection of race in the criminal justice system may contribute minorities to face racial discrimination when dealing with the police, corrections, and the courts. Wortley (2003) shows through Bias model is that the over-representation of racial minorities is due to the over discrimination in the criminal justice system. The intersection of race in racial profiling concludes that police mostly targets racial groups in searching at airports and border crossings. At the same time, Wortley (2003) conducts a survey of approximately “3,500 Toronto high students which shows that they face the racial profiling by the police. For example, “over 40 percent of Black students report that they have stopped and target of the police as compared to only 17 percent of White students”(P.104). Overall, the race would be the master status that leads to the police

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