Polo T Shirt Case Study

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Chapter one: Introduction 1.1 Background of the study Companies in manufacturing industry today are faced with increasing challenges with respect to cost effectiveness, lead time and quality of production systems.To remain competitive, manufacturing industries are forced to simultaneously optimize their production in terms of productivity, lead time and qualityBenjamin (2014). Garment manufacturing industry is one of the largest and most global industries in the world, plays a great role in the development and industrialization of countries and their integration to the world economy.Previously textile industry in Ethiopia was established in 1939 under Italian occupation of the first garment factory at driedawa.Garment industry sectors are large…show more content…
But from previous six months recorded average data, average daily production was approximately 1027 pieces per day and below. Based on the four months recorded data, 7.1 % poorquality (rework) products also needs rework in the area that were created. The main reasonsto low productivity are due to work in process inventory among stations, or line balancing problem between stations, and increasing of poor quality (rework)products which causes an interruption of a smooth production flow. To overcome with productivity improvement by analyzing the above problems, one of the well-known methodsused is line balancing,which makes a smooth production flow by reducing bottlenecks or WIP inventories. Line balancing methodology, is used to improve existing processes and hadbeen proven to be successful in reducing Bottleneck’s, reducing idle times, significantly increasing of productivity in every industry and many organizations worldwideNegahban et al. (2014) and Kelton et al.

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