Operation Chromite Research Paper

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Operation Chromite, the daring amphibious landing at Inchon, is considered to be one of the greatest products of military genius and strategy to ever be implemented in war. It decisively turned the tide of the Korean War. As the result of a conflict between the Soviet Union and Japan, Korea was divided at the 38th parallel. The Soviets occupied the north while the United States occupied the south. Both the north and the south established their own governments and neither side accepted the 38th parallel as a permanent border. This escalated into open-warfare on June 25, 1950 when North Korea, supported by China and the Soviet Union, invaded South Korea. The North Korean People’s Army (NKPA) outclassed the South Koreans in every aspect. Their troops had superior…show more content…
UN forces suffered 28 casualties. Once the Red Beach was secured the causeway stretching from Walmido to Inchon was opened and the battalions who had captured Inchon were able to join those from the Red Beach assault. The Blue Beach assault began late on the 15th. The first Marine battalion was tasked with securing the beachhead and met little opposition. However, a small encampment of NKPA was able to sink a tank transport ship before they were quieted by offshore artillery. The Marines secured the beachhead and pressed into enemy territory to seize and secure the road connecting Inchon to Seoul. No NKPA forces had yet arrived so this did not take long. The following day, docks were constructed by the Seabees and tanks, infantry reinforcements, and additional supplies were unloaded. The two Marine divisions involved in the assault, the 1st and 5th, began advancing down the road to retake Seoul. Kimpo Airfield, North Korea largest airfield, was on the way to Seoul and MacArthur ordered that it was to be captured immediately. The Marines met with very little resistance as the NKPA moral was very poor after hearing the news about

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