Arch Of Titus Research Paper

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The Arch of Titus Built under the order of Emperor Domitian in 81 CE at the foot of the Palatine hill in the Forum Romanum, Rome on the highest point of Via Sacra, the Arch of Titus serves as a memorial to the victories of Vespasian (the father of Domitian) and Titus (the brother of Domitian) in the Jewish War. However, the Arch of Titus also embodies the holiness of their once Emperor, Titus. During the Reign of Emperor Nero in 66 A.D., Vespasian was appointed by Nero as the commander over the Roman army and ordered to put an end to the rebellion and war in Judea. As commander of the army, Vespasian commissioned his son Titus as one of his lieutenants while his other son Domitian was in honorable detention at the imperial court. After gathering…show more content…
The Arch of Titus was built using Pentelic and Luna marble. On the east side of the arch is an inscription that reads “SENATUS POPULUS QUE ROMANUS DIVO TITO DIVI VESPASIANI F VISPASIANO AUGUSTO”; this translates as “The Senate and people of Rome, to Divus Titus, son of Divus Vespasian, Vespasian Augustus”. The Arch of Titus is a small arch in regards to that of Constantine and Septimius Severus. Although there has been extensive damage to the arch caused by time, we are still able to see the scenes sculpted on the sides. The first side panel depicts the beginning of Titus’s victory procession. The people in the procession are carrying the treasure Titus has brought back from the temple he destroyed while in war; these treasures include: a menorah, silver trumpets, and what is speculated to be the Ark of the Covenant. The other side panel shows Titus riding a chariot pulled by four horses whilst being crowned by “victory”. In front of the horses, the goddess Roma is illustrated as holding one of the horse’s bridles. Two people to the side of the chariot represent the senate and the commoners of Rome. The Senate is represented as a man wearing a robe; while, the commoners are represented as a man with

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