Oil Production In Nigeria

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CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Nigeria has been suffering the negative environmental consequences of oil development since oil was discovered in Nigeria (Badejo and Nwilo 2008). The growth of the country’s petroleum industry combined with an increasing growth rate in human population and a lack of enforcement of environmental regulations and commitment on the part of government has led to substantial damages to Nigeria’s environment, especially in the Niger Delta Region which Gokana Local Government Area is not an exception. Although Nigeria has been one of the most productive oil producing countries in the world and the commodity serves as the…show more content…
The activities associated with petroleum E & P operations have local detrimental and significant impacts on the atmosphere, soils and sediments, surface and ground water, marine environment, biologically diversity and sustainability of terrestrial ecosystems of the oil producing communities in Ogoni in particular and the Niger Delta region in general (Aniefiok et al 2013). It is certainly no new thing to expect that the ecological and economic consequences of petroleum development would have multiplier effects on the social and cultural life of the people in the oil producing communities (Aghalino, 2001). The discharges of petroleum hydrocarbons and petroleum derived waste streams have caused serious environmental pollution; adverse human health effects, detrimental impact on regional economy, socio-economic defect and degradation of host communities in the oil producing states in the Niger Delta Region and indeed Gokana LGA (Badejo and Nwilo…show more content…
Itinerant oil field workers find the teenage girls in their immediate host communities a ready pool for commercial sex activities leading to proliferation of commercial sex workers, and in each exploration site, these migrant oil workers leave behind an amazing corpus of venereal diseases and morally polluted girls and school dropouts Aghalino, (2000) explained. More so, there is the displacement of villagers where massive spillage has seriously affected them and forcefully disrupted their social and cultural lives leading to the problem of social and cultural readjustment. In most cases, societal life support systems like village gods, shrines and divinities have been violated. Yet, unlike labour intensive agricultural practices, the oil and gas companies offer little or no employment to the displaced people in the sub-region. More so, there has been a serious threat to the traditional institution of authority and social harmony. Oil E & P activities has directly threaten the health and wellbeing of the local people, depriving them of the capability to meet basic needs for food, water and shelter hence the need to conduct

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