Nuclear Interdependence Theory

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The purpose of this paper is to propose a model that will address this issue. To propose a model based from the Complex Interdependence theory developed by Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye as a long-term solution for the continuous threat brought about by the proliferation of North Korea’s nuclear weapons. The increase in economic and other forms of interdependence should increase the probability of cooperation among states (Keohane & Nye, 2012). The theory will revolve with the relations between states focusing more on connection of roles between U.S.A and China in their pursuit of urging North Korea’s current ruler Kim Jong Un to cooperate in maintaining peaceful relations in the international realm, to negotiate an agreement of cutting or…show more content…
These nuclear weapons of mass destruction pose a security concern for the large scale destruction it holds. The more states acquiring nuclear weapons, the more probability there is for nuclear war to occur. Efforts of nonproliferation had been going on since the 1950’s with the spread of nuclear weapons. On July 1968, the Nuclear Arms Nonproliferation Treaty was signed by the United States, USSR, and 58 other countries (Nye, 2005). NPT’s role as an international treaty was to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons around the globe, to control the proliferation of these weapons of mass destruction. States under the NPT that possess nuclear weapons are allowed to keep them but must not share their nuclear technology with states that do not possess them. On the other hand, nonpossessing states cannot acquire or build nuclear weapons as long as they are members of the treaty. In addition, states have the freedom to not sign and withdraw from the treaty restrictions but doing so will portray them as a potential threat to the international…show more content…
China will serve as the go-between of U.S. to North Korea. To negotiate and entice the North Koreans to agree with the plans of the U.S to downsize their nuclear forces in exchange of economic benefits they will get in return. If North Korea cooperates, the United States will send economic support in the form of security assistance, food & health aid assistance and a yearly budget primarily for infrastructures. If not, there is a possibility that if North Korea reaches the maximum height of their nuclear arsenal, they might wage a nuclear war in efforts to dominate the world. Although there is a possibility for North Korea to do such an act, there are two possible outcomes: if North Korea succeeds in the war, they will reach the dream of being a preponderant state in the international realm; if they lose however, they will be facing overwhelming repercussions. Possibly, they will have a hard time recovering economically after the war, famine due to the concentration of government funds in their military power neglecting food aid for the civilians will only add up to the casualties of the war, e.g. North Korean soldiers, and this lack of empathy from the ruler might start the defiance of the people that will ultimately lead to a regime change. Comparing the pros and cons, North Korea has a lot to risk if they will proceed with their suspicious actions, and that is a risk not worth taking for Kim Jong

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