Nazca Lines Research Paper

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The mystery of the Nazca lines have been baffling archaeologists ever since they were discovered by Alfred Kroeber in 1926. All the lines together add up to be 1,100 figures and counting! (“Nazca Lines-The Sacred Landscape”) Evidence suggests that the Geoglyphs in Nazca were used in Religious Ceremonies. The Nazca Lines are massive geoglyphs in the Nazca Desert in the country of Peru. Some of the figures depicted include, spiders, birds, fish, birds, and simpler objects such as straight lines and basic shapes. They were found in 1926 by Alfred Kroeber, (“Nasca Lines”) but were first systematically studied by Peruvian archaeologist Toribio Mejia Xesspe. ("Nasca Lines –The Sacred Landscape.") The lines were first brought to the public…show more content…
While some of these theories are tempting, most of them prove to be conjecture. Under the ground of the Nazca Desert there are aquifers that carry water from the mountains to the villages. People say that the Nazca Lines map these aquifers. This theory is very tempting but when you do the math only about 30% of the glyphs line up with the aquifers so this was most likely just a coincidence. The Astronomy Theory was first put forward by Maria Reiche and Paul Kosok. Reiche was working with Kosok when they noticed that on the Winter Solstice the line they were standing at lined up perfectly with the sunset. After Kosok left, Reiche stayed and became a Peruvian Citizen. On the Summer Solstice Reiche found herself at a line that once again lined up perfectly with the sunset. This made Reiche further believe that the lines matched the stars. For many years, this theory was thought to be the reason the Nazca Lines were built. But, in 1968 an Astronomer by the name of Gerald Hawkins disproved this theory. Hawkins plotted each line and put them into a computer trying to find if they matched any constellations. Hawkins while working at

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