Mongol Empire Research Paper

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The Mongol Empire, the largest contiguous empire in history, existed during the 13th and 14th century. Originating in the steppes of Central Asia the empire eventually stretched from Central Europe to Japan, extending northwards into Siberia, eastwards and southwards into India and Iran and westwards as far as Arabia. The actual founder and most significant leader of the empire, Chingis Khan, unified nomadic tribes and proclaimed ruler of all Mongols in 1206. The empire grew promptly under his rule and later under his descendants. The Mongols before Chingis Khan The area around Mongolia known as Manchuria and parts of North China had been controlled by the Liao Dynasty since the 10th century and later, in 1125 by the Jin Dynasty. The Mongolian…show more content…
According to some versions it would be the year 1155, 1162 or 1167. He was the son of Yesugei, the minor chieftain of noble descent and his initial name was Temuchin. In 1206 he was crowned as the Khaghan of the Yekhe Mongol Ulus (Great Mongolian Nation) at a Kurultai (general assembly or council). It was then, when he assumed the title of Chingis Khan or Chinggis Qan, which means universal leader, marking the beginning of the Mongol…show more content…
This bloodthirsty man forbade looting of his enemies without permission and he used to share the loots with his warriors and their families instead of giving them all to the aristocrats. His vast empire connected the East with the West, allowing trade, culture, technologies, and ideas to be spread across Eurasia. He encouraged literacy, adopting the Uyghur script, which would form the Mongolian script. He forbade the fighting between the Mongols, the selling of women, theft of other's properties and the hunting of animals during the breeding season. He also established the religious freedom and he exempted the clergy and the poor from taxation. Chingis Khan knew very well the value of domestic and international trade, which brought significant revenues to the Mongol treasury and at the same time it could bind together, in an economic network, so many different regions. The Mongols made the highways of Asia safer than they had ever been. Except of all the terror the Mongols spread, they also brought peace, security and the exchange of culture and ideas between the peoples. The term of these «treaty» was Pax Mongolica. Mongol Empire’s rise and

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