This chapter presents the results on nurses’ knowledge and practice on care of critically ill adult patients at Mnazi Mmoja Hospital - Zanzibar. A total of 172 nurses were recruited into the study and included in the final analysis. This chapter is divided into sub-sections on socio-demographic characteristics, nurses’ knowledge on care of critically ill patients, nurses’ practices on care of critically ill patients and nurses’ perceived challenges on caring critically ill patients in the wards.
The study comprised of 38 men (22.1%) and 134 women (77.9%) with the male to female ratio of 1:3.5. The mean age was 29.69 and the majority was in the age range between 20 and 29 yrs (52.3%), while the age ranged from 20 to 50 years. The majority of participants had diploma level of education (83.1%), followed by degree level (16.3%) and only 0.6% had master degree level of education. About fifty eight percent (58.7%) of participants had 1 to 5 years of working experience and the least (9.9%) had less than 1 year. In addition, based on over distribution of participants in the wards, surgical wards had 65 participants, medical wards 37, Obstetric & Gynacological wards 33, Emergence department 20 and those from Neurology ward were 17. Among 172 participants only 64 (37.2%) had on job training on care of critically ill patients. Table 1 below indicates participants’ demographic characteristics.