Marquis Vs Thomson

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Abortion has been around for many generations. There are two issues that focus on abortion, one being whether the human fetus has a right to life and if so does the rights of the mother reverse the rights of the fetus. Two people that have very forceful opinions of abortion are Judith Jarvis Thomson and Don Marquis. Thomson presents a argument for abortion and in some cases on what humans are obligated to do in order to help others. Marquis argues against abortion and establishes that fetus has a right-to-life investigating the wrongness of killing an adult human being and relating fetuses to adult humans. The morality of abortion is explained in both of their essays. Thomson wrote an essay on “A Defense of Abortion”. In order to understand…show more content…
She starts off with having you imagine waking up next to an unconscious violinist. The violinist has fatal kidney disease and you are the only one that has the right blood type that can save his life. You have to stay in bed with the violinist for a specific amount of time and after that time you are able to leave. Thomson says that the violinists right to his life was more conspicuous than your right to decide what happens to your body. The argument becomes what we are required to do to for each other as humans. He states that no state in this country, “is any man compelled by law to be even a Minimally Decent Samaritan to any person” where as “ in most most states on this country women are compelled by law to be not merely Minimally Decent Samaritans, but good Samaritans to the unborn persons inside them” (Thomson pg, 249). A Good Samaritan is someone who is courageous and goes out of their way to help others whereas Minimally Decent Samaritan requires people to just do the right thing without being courageous. The way she presents this idea shows how inconsistent the expectations of our society is. This example is Thomson's main defense of abortion by that she suggests merely having the right to life does not mean that the killing of that person is necessarily immoral. To further prove her point she uses the death of Kitty Genovese. In this case Kitty was attacked and stabbed…show more content…
Marquis argument about abortion is when life starts during pregnancy. His purpose is to show that abortion is, except in rare cases, seriously immoral, that it is in the same moral category as killing innocent adult human being ( Marquis pg251). He concludes that life is present at the moment of conception for the sake of his argument. His main focus is that a fetus has a right to the future like ours where the fetus will have plenty of experiences and happiness just like every other human being does. To show that this is right and what it means, he evaluates the wrongness of killing an adult human. Marquis shows the effectiveness of his claim that this idea supporting our natural capabilities, such that killing is one of the worst crimes and killing animals is also

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