picture of the life of civilized people without neg lecting its poor and downtrodden. He paid great attention to the economic aspects of the British social life. By narrating the freedom in all activities, Mulji attempted to teach his people about the futility of taboos including those surrounding travelling overs eas. Unlike Mahipatram and
Karsandas, Malabari was not too overwhelmed with Eu rope. He found the life-style, food habits, religious practices and social manners disagreeable. He rejects the British claim to present a superior culture and superior re ligion. He believes that it is a culture which is governed by no ideal other than self-aggra ndisement. Hence, Malabari was able to capture the essence of modern materialistic England…show more content… But the cour age of these travellers brought new ideas and images of other different (and at tha t time powerful) lands for Indians.
They had to pay its cost by remaining out-castes th roughout their life. Because it was believed that their journey to England was a privil ege as they belonged to upper castes. The lower castes began to refer to the uppe r castes as sudherela, which means
‘improved’ or ‘reformed’ making the term embrace, Brahminisation and
Westernization. Undoubtedly, Mahipatram and Mulji w ere motivated by a desire for a social change in as much as they actively questione d the efficacy of religious and other community-based institutions and contributed to the invention of a secular, public space.
Damodar Ishwardas wrote Chinni Musafari (1868) which is remarkably the first document on the travel to China. Few Parsi wr iters even translated some travelogues into Gujarati from English. The Queen V ictoria had written her travel experiences of Scotland and Highland in English. Ma necharji Bhavnagari translated the Queen’s first travelogue and Vadia Putlibai tra nslated the second into Gujarati.
Mahipatram Nilkanth translated W.S. Cain’s travelog ue Trip around the World