Literary Traditions In India

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Literary traditions in India began with the retelling of the epics- Ramayana and Mahabharata. The retelling involves the presentation of the morals from these epics in form of songs, plays etc. along with their regional versions. The epics carry the epic themes which make them deserving to be presented to the society. They accommodate ocean of stories and the ocean consists of unending waves containing the innumerable anecdotes. The touch of inviolability make these epics fit for a longer life. India is a land of legends, there is a legend behind every river, every forestland, every mountain and every holy shrine. The man of this era looks for his roots and for these he quests for something which is outside the established society and he find…show more content…
His ‘Third Theatre’ owes part of its weight to folk and Avant-Garde theoreticians. Girish Karnad’s Hayavadana(1971), and other plays, Chandrashekar Kambar’s Jokumaraswami(1971) and Habib Tanvir’s Charandas Chor(1974) are some of the playwrights who have employed elements of folk to an extent. Dattani is known for his multi- level set and multi-level characterization shows the blending of stage craft in the west and the fashion of Indian folk theatre. Basavaraj Naikar translated Rayappa Pattar’s folk play into English as Sangya-Balya: Betrayal, which is a significant addition to the realm of Indian drama in English. Elements like songs, music, dance and themes like poverty, love, betrayal, revenge make it contemporary. Not only Indian writers, use of folk narratives have also been done by well renowned African writers. Ngugi pioneered the art form drawing the ingredients of folk culture. A Grain of Wheat, one of his novels in which he employs the oral narrative. Chinua Achebe uses the myth of Idemili in his Anthills of the Savannah (1987). Chicano Cherrie Moraga in his Heart of the Earth (2001) revises the Mayan creation myth-Popul Vuk in the contemporary context. Amos Tutuola adapted Yoruba folk traditions in his storytelling. He is acclaimed mostly for his The Palm Wine…show more content…
Uma Parameshwaran, a professor of English at the University of Winnipeg. She is known for her remarkable job of promoting Indian mythology through dance and music in the west. Her well known one – act plays: Meera and Sita’s Promise glorify Indian legends and myths. Manjula Padmanabhan dons many hats: known as an artist, illustrator, cartoonist, and playwright, novelist, settled in Delhi. She has brought into light themes like marginalization and alienation. She portrays a cruel world where mothers sell their children at the price of rice. The women draw a modernistic dimension and something distinct for the readers. As the society moves towards modernity, day by day more experimentation with the theatrical techniques with the contemporary themes has come into play which has opened new vistas both technically and

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