4. LINKING ADJUNCTS
As has been already mentioned in the previous section of this dissertation, linking adjuncts constitute one of the various semantic realisation adjuncts may possess in a clause. Linking adjuncts serve to express the semantic connection between two sentences, clauses or paragraphs, specifically the class of connection there is between each other. This group of adjuncts is defined differently throughout the four main grammar books this dissertation deals with. They are defined as ‘connective adjuncts’ by Longman English Grammar and The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, whereas in Cambridge Grammar of English and English Grammar books they are named as ‘linking adjuncts’. Linking adjuncts can indicate several kind…show more content… Some grammatical realisation of inference linking adjuncts, either single-word and phrasal elements, are: in that case, otherwise and then*. The usage of in that case functioning as inference linking adjunct is shown in the following sentence: If students aren’t able to understand the main purpose of the activity. Then, in that case, the teacher would provide them an…show more content… Some adjuncts of this class which are grammatically realised by phrasal elements or a single-words are: finally, lastly, on the one hand...on the other hand, last of all, next, then, to begin with/to start with, first of all, for a start*, first(ly), second(ly), third(ly), etc; a, b, c, etc; one, two, three, etc. To exemplify this last type of linking adjuncts is necessary to make a list of two or more situations:
There are three main Christmas celebrations: firstly, Christmas Day on 25th December. Secondly, New Year’s Eve on 31st December. And finally, New Year’s Day on 1st January.
Thus, the listing linking phrasal on the other hand is also considered as a contrastive linking adjunct. Nonetheless, this is not the only case in which linking adjuncts may execute two different semantic functions. The connective adjunct then also may adopt more than one semantic function, specifically then have the possibility to be used in five different linking categories: listing, summative, time, inference and resultative linking adjuncts. The same situation poses therefore, since it can adopt the forms of resultative and summative