Interpersonal Theory Of Hopelessness

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HOPELESSNESS Izci et al., 2015 states that hopelessness from a cognitive perspective is believed to be associated with suicidal behaviour. Theory of hopeless indicates that expected wish will not occur and there is absolutely nothing else that can be done but dying (James & Gillilang, 2013). The vicious cycle of cognitive triangle of dysfunctional thoughts about the self, future and the world is the cornerstone of hopelessness. Barzilay et al., 2014 states that hopelessness interrupts all the components of cognitive triad. Furthermore, the theory of cognition elaborate that there is a relation between vulnerability and life stressors, whereby this vulnerability increases the likelihood of schema’s which associated with psychiatric disturbances…show more content…
People hold two different ideas in their minds and if it is for a longer period, they develop the desire to die (Joiner et al., 2009). The theory outlines three important components of interpersonal theory. The main component is the acquired suicidal capability whereby the individual reduces his/her fear of death while conditioning themselves to the fear and pain of self-injury. Secondly, the perception of burdensomeness to others in manner that they are flawed and cannot be fixed. They believe their family, friends and society will be better off with them as results of their death. Lastly, the person accept that there is failed belongingness whereby there is no form of attachment or value to any other members in the community and in family (James & Gilliland,…show more content…
He suggested that when the individual lacks connectedness and there is too little social integration this increases a suicidal behaviour. In Durkheim’s approach, the degree to which people are bound together in a community and the social integration whereby people within the community are bound by the same norms and customs are the predictors of suicide behaviour (James & Gilliland, 2013). There are four types of suicide and they include egoistic, anomic, altruistic and fatalistic. Egoistic refers to individual that lacks integration and identification with a group. When a breakdown occurs such as financial or economic ruin an anomic suicide arises. Altruistic suicide is defined as perceived or real social solidarity. Fantalistics suicide takes the person sees no solution to what is known to be an intolerable situation such as being in a confined place or in a concentration

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