Informative Speech Outline On Sleep

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Topic: Sleep General Purpose: To inform Specific Purpose: To inform my audience the two types and stages of sleep. Thesis: When sleeping we go through two types of sleep Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep and non-Rapid Eye Movement (non-REM) sleep. I. Introduction A. Attention Getter: Have you ever wonder what happens to you when you go to sleep? Numerous people think that sleep is a passive, constant, and unchanging process. However, what we don’t recognize is that when we sleep we are actually in a very active state. When we sleep our bodies move frequently during the night, and what is even more remarkable is that our brain activity is more varied than it is when we are awake. B. Reason to Listen: While sleeping our body goes through what is…show more content…
While in the non-REM sleep stage some may experience hypnagogic hallucinations which are frightening vivid sensations in the point between sleeping and waking. Some examples of hypnagogic hallucinations consist of feeling like if you are falling of the bed or hearing someone call your name. Another thing that can happen while in the non-REM sleep stage is the myoclonic jerk. A Myoclonic jerk is a sudden jerk, or "sleep start," you may experience right before falling asleep. 2. After, non-REM sleep end REM sleep begins. a. The reason why REM sleep is called rapid eye movement sleep is due to the rapid movements of the eyes that occur in this stage although it is not constant but phasic. Throughout the night REM sleep occurs in cycles of about 90-120 minutes and is considered 20-25% of the total sleep time in adults and decreases with age, for example, a newborn baby can spend up to 80% of its sleep time in REM sleep. While sleeping you spend a longer period in the REM stage rather that in the non-REM stage. b. When you dream you are in the REM stage, you are nearly physically paralyzed except for the diaphragm that maintains the breathing. Almost all muscle activity is practically absent in REM sleep called tonic REM sleep, or might have brief bursts of activity called the phasic REM

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