Christopher Columbus’ arrival in the new world in 1492 marked a new era of empire expansion called colonization. Because the Spanish crown financed his travels they were the first to colonize any of the new continent. The Spanish would end up colonizing half of South America, most of Central America and the Caribbean Islands, and a large part of North America. Their first colony however, was the island of San Salvador, the first land Columbus spotted on his first voyage. Colonization would continue for over three centuries, with the British, French, Portuguese and Dutch also colonizing parts of America. This can still be seen to this day.
The reason why colonial expansion was so important to these countries is that in this way they could trade goods that were previously unknown to much of the civilized world, making them a lot of money, they could expand their empire so they would gain more authority and prestige and to spread the Christian religion to the tribes living in the colonized countries.
Peru…show more content… Pizarro named the first colony Ciudad de los Reyes. We now know the city as Lima, the biggest city in Peru, housing a third of the Peruvian population. The location was previously inhabited by several American Indian groups, Amerindian for short. They were united under the Ychsma polity, which was conquered by the Inca Empire in the 15th century.
As Pizarro was named governor of the lands he conquered, he chose the Rímac Valley to found his capital. He named it Ciudad de los Reyes, City of the Kings. In august 1536, Manco Inca, another one of the sons of Huayna Cápac and Sapa Inca from 1533-1544, led rebel troops and besieged the city. Under command of Quizo Yupanqui, who led the attack, they were defeated. The main cause of their loss was that they were vastly outnumbered by the Spanish and their native