How Successful Was The Mongol Empire In The 13th Century?

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The Mongol empire was founded by Temüjin (1167 – 1227) at the Mongol steppe region. After defeating his former comrade named Toghril, Temüjin was awarded the title called Chinggis Khan (Genghis Khan). Genghis Khan used his abilities to reform the Mongolians from nomads to world conquerors. Even after his death, Genghis Khan’s successors continue the expansion and managed to conquer Iran, Russia, Poland and even South China. Ultimately, Mongol empire was the first unified Eurasian empire and enabled the transfer of ideas, people, trades, and technologies. The immense expansion of Mongol empire from their homeland to Eastern Europe was known as their biggest political success. However, the unsuccessful invasion of Japan contributed Mongol empire’s failure. Military organization and the lack of leadership were also the success as well as the failure of Mongol empire.…show more content…
The first political development of Mongol empire is expansion. First, why did Mongols started their expansions in the 13th century? The answer is simple. Genghis Khan invaded his neighbor regions to ensure Mongol is safe from invasion besides plundering enemies’ resources. Originally, Mongol was just a small region inhabited by various tribes. Thus, Mongol was prone to invasion by other nations because of their political power shortage. Expansions of Mongol were then took place because the larger the foreign land conquered, the larger the political power can be obtained and thus increase the nation’s status. For example, Genghis Khan led the

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