Third Phrase of Gandhi’s Leadership in Indian Freedom Struggle:1930 - 1947
Civil Disobedience Movement: There were so many cause of the civil disobedience movement but the main cause of the civil disobedience movement was the salt tax and Gandhi demanded that the salt tax should be abolished.
The government tells the gandhi’s demand was not a legal demand. And then Gandhi started the civil disobedience movement on 12 march 1930 with his famous Dandi march. Gandhi marched almost 375 km with his followers from Sabarmati ashram to Dandi. On 6 april Gandhi reached Dandi, and picked up a handful of salt and broke the salt law to show his denial of the salt law.
The Government tried to crush the movement theough ruthless repression, lathi charges…show more content… But the national congress boycotted the conference and it failed to achieve its goals.
Gandhi-Irwin Pact: The Government wanted to negotiate with the congress so that it would attend the Round Table Conference. And finally Gandhiji and Lord Irwin negotiated a settlement in 1931. By this pact the government agreed to release all the prisoners who was caught for breaking the salt law, and gave the right to make salt for their consumption. The congress suspended the Civil Disobedience Movement and agreed to take part in the Second Round Table Conference.
Second Round Table Conference: Gandhiji went to England in 1931 for Second Round Table Conference. The British government denied to concede the basic demand for freedom. The government prepared to cruse the congress. Government repression succeeded in the end, helped it was by the differences among the indian leaders on communal and other questions. The congress officially suspended the movement in may 1933, and Gandhiji once again withdrew from active…show more content… He followed the path of non-violence both in South-Africa as well as in India, he practiced the theory of non-violence throughout is entire life, not as a policy but as a principle. Non-violence was always his first choice and it was also the last article of his creed. Though he was not the pioneer of the doctrine of non –violence, but he is credited with redefining the idea of non-violence with its proper meaning. Gandhi evolved and developed a powerful method non-violence, and called it Satyagraha. Gandhi defined Satyagraha as a Non-violent force or Truth-force or Love-force or Moral-force or Spiritual-force and strength to adopt and apply it in every field of