Free Will In Niccolo Machiavelli's The Prince

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In The Prince, Niccoló Machiavelli provides a revolutionary guide on governing the state. Its unique aspect is its separation of politics and ethics. As opposed to other philosophers Machiavelli wrote about political strategies based upon pragmatic and logical experience rather than theories. Previously classical political theory was traditionally linked with a higher moral law and that individuals played an important role with the wellbeing of the state. Part of Machiavelli’s aim in writing The Prince was to investigate how much of a prince’s success or failure is caused by free will and how much is determined by nature or the environment in which he lives. In chapter 25, Machiavelli discusses the role of fortune in determining human affairs.…show more content…
“In the actions of all men, and especially princes, where there is no court of appeal, one judges by the result” He believed the common man was only interested in their own welfare and will only lend their support if he rules the state well and attributes to their happiness. Machiavelli stated ‘the fact is that man who wants to act virtuously in every way necessarily comes to grief among those who are not virtuous.’ Thereby, if a prince wants to maintain his rule he must learn not to be so virtuous, and to make use of this or not according to…show more content…
If a prince cannot be both feared and loved, Machiavelli suggests, it would be better for him to be feared by the populace. In order to win honour, Machiavelli advises that a prince must be readily willing to deceive the citizens. To remain in power, a prince must avoid the hatred of his people. It is not necessary to be loved. “He should not deviate from what is good if possible, but should know how to do evil if necessary” Machiavelli advocates cruelty but only so far it doesn’t compromises the long term good will of the people. The goodwill of the populace is the best defence against both domestic insurrection and foreign

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