Franklinian Basin Formation

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The formation of Franklinian basin probably started in the Pre-Cambrian stretching from Arctic Canada to North Greenland. It was probably initiated by the break-up of supercontinent Rodinia about 750 Ma. Franklinian basin was thought to have originally formed as a passive margin by the rifting of the Rodinia. It was part of Laurentian plate which was positioned south of the equator. The shoreline prograded landward during its initial formation stage probably because accommodation exceeded sediments supply due to relative rise in sea level. At the initial stage, the basin experienced transgression and regression events and sedimentation took place in a low-energy shallow marine environment. The subduction of Iapetus oceanic plate, which culminated…show more content…
Formation of the Arctic basin was probably caused by the rotation of the Arctic Alaskan plate and Amerasian plate by a pole of about 〖66〗^o in Mckenzie delta, which was followed by rifting and seafloor spreading. This event resulted in the transformation of Franklinian basin from a foreland basin to a passive continental margin. The entire northern portion of Franklinian basin in North Greenland was lost during seafloor spreading with only the southern portion preserved in North Greenland. Deposition continued in the basin from Late Precambrian/Early Cambrian to Devonian with several depositional hiatuses marked by unconformities. Carbonates are the predominant sediments in Franklinian basin. Well-rounded clastic sediments deposited under high-energy conditions as well as shallow marine deposits such algal dolostone have been reported in a number of formations in the basin. Ellesmere Orogeny exposed some of the older units in Franklinian basin in northwest…show more content…
It is a passive margin basin in arctic Canada that extends from northeastern Canada to North Greenland (Ineson, 1988). The origin of Franklinian basin has not been extensively studied, but some authors (Henriksen & Higgins, 1998; Miall & Blakey, 2008) suggested a late Precambrian origin marking the rifting of supercontinent Rodinia about 700 Ma. Since the rifting of Rodinia, Franklinian basin has undergone several episodes of transformation. It was initially formed as a passive margin in a rift system, later transformed to a foreland basin and finally transformed from a foreland basin to a passive continental margin in the Arctic Canada rift system. Subsequent, supercontinents formation, rotation, rifting and seafloor spreading associated with the formation of Arctic Ocean brought Franklinian basin to its current position in Arctic Canada. Deposition within the basin probably started from late Precambrian - Early Cambrian and continued to Devonian. There are several identified formations in the basin in Ellesmere Island in the Canadian Arctic that are correlated to northwest of North Greenland. The Paleozoic Ellesmere Orogeny exposed most of the older sedimentary formation of Franklinian basin in Ellesmere Island, northwest Canada. Carbonates, sandstones and mudstones represent the main sedimentary fill of the Franklinian basin in North Greenland and Ellesmere Island. Franklinian basin is succeeded by Sverdrup

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