Federalist 51 Analysis

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Part I. Short Answer: 3 points each Directions: In your own words, please explain each of the five terms below in at least five, but no more than seven sentences. 1. Property- According to Locke, in the state of nature, property is obtained when a man exerts his labor into something and it thus becomes his. For example, when a man picks and apple off a tree the apple is then his because his body and his labor obtained the apple, so it therefore belongs to no one else. In the state of nature, however, a man can only take what he needs, for a surplus of property can only be so advantageous before some of the goods begin to spoil. Therefore, men can barter with each other to obtain their needs and give up their surplus, and eventually the…show more content…
Federalist 51- James Madison published Federalist 51 in order to explain how the structure of the United States government protects against tyranny. Federalist 51 is interesting because it explains how the proposed U.S. government operates in terms of dualities. First, Madison explains how the structure of the U.S. government allows for mutual branches. By this he means that the relationship between the branches of government operates in a way that keeps other branches in check of their power, while also providing the “means and motives” (Madison 319) that allow for the administrators of one branch of government to protect their branch. Additionally, Madison explains how the U.S. government is different from governments, particularly monarchies, history has seen by explaining that because representatives are elected, they have to operate by and in the will of the people, contrasting monarchy that normally acts in its own self interest. What is more, however, is that Madison explains that the constitution also accounts for the “human nature” of self-interest that will inevitably control the actions of some administrators, but how the structure of the government works in a way that acting in self-interest also protects the liberty and rights of the common…show more content…
A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies- Written by Bartolomé de Las Casas, A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies is an excerpt written for the current (at the time it was written) king of Spain recounting the mistreatment of natives brought about by Spanish conquerors during the colonization of the new world. While Las Casas was an advocate for monarchy, Christianity and the Catholic church and was not a revolutionary, his account casts doubts on the Spanish motivations in the New World and argues that the actions of the Spanish were outside all moral, legal, and religious norms. Las Casas explains in his account that the hospitable welcoming by the Natives was met with brutal violence and breaking of trust by the

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