Factors Of Personality

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According to Mc Candless Boyd (1948) when one speaks of psychosocial development of the child or of the adult two areas of theory are brought to the mind, one of which is known as personality. With reference to the Merriam-Webster’s dictionary personality means the set of emotional qualities, ways of behaving, that makes a person different from the other. The important factors in which the origin of personality lies: (I) Heredity It provides the child with certain endowments to? With- Hereditary factors may be summed as constitutional biological and physiological factors: Image Source: web.iitd.ac.in/~sumeet/Genetics/tree.jpg Constitutional Factors The constitution of an individual is an effective factor in determining the type…show more content…
It is in the social environment, that he comes to have moral ideas, social attitudes and interests. This enables him to develop a social ‘self which is another term for personality. The important aspects of the environment are as follows: (1) Physical Environment It includes the influence of climatic conditions of a particular area or country on man and his living. (2) Social Environment The child has his birth in the society. He learns and lives there. Hence, the social environment has an important say in the personality development of the child. (3) Family Environment Family is the cradle of all social virtues. The first environment, the child moves in, is his home. Here the child comes in contact with his parents and other family member his likes, dislikes, stereotypes about people, expectancies of security and emotional responses all are shaped in early childhood. The type of training and early childhood experiences received from the family play an important role in the development of personality. Besides this, economic factors i.e., economic condition of the family and the type of relations between the parents also influence the personality of the…show more content…
It is a very important relationship with others. (e) Inter-personal Relations Inter-personal relations among the members of a society are important means which help in the development of certain social personality characteristics like attraction towards others, concept of friendship, love, sympathy, hostility and also isolation which is a negative orientation. (Ill) Psychological Factors These include our motives, acquired interests, our attitudes, our will and character, our intellectual capacities such as intelligence i.e., the abilities to perceive, to observe, to imagine, to think and to reason These factors determine our reactions in various situations and thus affect our personality, growth and direction. An individual with a considerable amount of will power will be able to make decisions more quickly than others. Thus, we see that hereditary, environmental and psychological factors contribute towards the development of personality. The Influence of Hereditary and Environmental Factors of Personality Traits Determinants of Personality The factors affecting personality can be divided into two

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