Essay On Dengue Fever

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Dengue Fever is already considered as major health concern of the people all over the world. Infection of dengue virus causes the flu-like symptoms that can lead to further fatal complication known as the severe dengue or Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF). The World Health Organization (WHO) traced an increase of number of cases for the past five decades and it already has spread into many countries. There is an estimation of at least 50 percent of the world population to be at risk of the disease and would still be increasing. It was also estimated that 50 – 100 million infections occur every year and this includes cases of 500,000 DHF and 22,000 of deaths that mostly affects the children. Dengue is usually seen in countries with tropical and subtropical climates. Among the tropical regions in the world, dengue fever is endemic. Increasing number of breeds of the mosquito has effects on the prevalence of dengue…show more content…
There are four distinct ribonucleic acid (RNA) virus serotypes namely DEN1, DEN2, DEN3 and DEN4 that will cause dengue fever. The mode of transmission of dengue is through the infective bite of a female Aedes aegypti. Approximately 15-90 percent of the dengue cases were reported to be mild and asymptomatic (CDC, 2012). Classic dengue fever has an incubation period of one to five days as manifested by acute febrile illness which are commonly diagnosed in older adults and children. This can be manifested by the following symptoms: immediate onset of hyperthermia, pain, severe muscle and joint discomfort, headache, hemorrhagic manifestations, decreased white blood cells and rash which last two to four days. If the symptoms started more than two weeks, dengue fever may not be considered and can be ruled out in diagnosing the patient. It may be confirmed through certain diagnostic tests such as IgM Immunoassay and serotype-specific reverse transcription- polymerase chain

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