Containerisation has revolutionised the Transportation of Modern World Good, it did..!!
Prior to Containerisation MULTIPLE HANDLING All cargoes other than bulk commodities were moved package by package and piece by piece with multiple handling, resulting in damage, pilferage and time loss. Containerisation is a system of intermodal freight transport. It uses standardised containers, made of weathering steel, which can be easily transferred from one mode of transport to another. The containers are hired by shippers, packed with products, and shipped off to a designated port. From here, they can be easily transported (by lorry or rail) to the desired location elsewhere. These containers, invented in 1956 by an American truck businessman named Malcolm McLean, have revolutionised the transportation of cargo goods.
Prior to containerisation, all cargoes (other than bulk commodities) were moved package-by-package, piece-by-piece with multiple handling.…show more content… By using these shipping containers, the goods are far more protected from both damage and theft. Containerisation has also greatly reduced the expense of international trade, and increased its speed, especially of consumer goods and commodities. It has enhanced and created many major ports all over the world; Shanghai, Singapore, Rotterdam and Hamburg are just a few examples of this.
Containerisation has several huge advantages over previous modes of transporting goods. Firstly, loading and unloading is easier, more efficient and requires far less of a workforce. Due to the fact that the majority of it is mechanised (by cranes, forklift trucks etc.), large crews of longshoremen are no longer necessary at port facilities. This has greatly increased labour productivity – in 1965 dock labour could move only 1.7 tonnes per hour onto a cargo ship, but just five years later they could load 30 tonnes per hour