In the United States, a federal system is one that divides authority and influence between different levels of government. This can be in practically any structure, but the American system is a typical: one central government, and fifty state governments.
Dual federalism (layer cake federalism): In the Constitution as giving a limited list of powers, primarily foreign rule and national defense to the national government, leaving the rest to the sovereign states. Each level of government is leading within its own sphere. The Supreme Court helps as the adjudicator between the national government and the states in disagreements over which level of government has responsibility for a specific activity. Dual federalism is founded on the moderately optimistic belief that a clear separation between federal and state authority can, and does, exist. Finally, the Constitution contains this very clever mechanism, the reserved powers section, which seems to set a bright line among the two levels of U.S. government.
Marble cake federalism: Conceives of federalism as a marble cake in which all…show more content… Moreover, Tea Party members share like core principles supporting the United States Constitution as the Founders envisioned, such as: limited federal government, personal freedoms, individual responsibility, returning radical power to the states and the people. As a movement, the Tea Party is not a political party nor is it looking to form a third party-political any time soon. The Tea Party Movement is, as an alternative, about reforming all political parties and government so that the essential principles of our Founding Fathers become, once again, the basis upon which America attitudes. Thus, members of the Tea Party want to see us move closer to a dual