Several studies such as Sadik (2008) and Van Gils (2005) have shown that digital storytelling goes beyond the capabilities of traditional storytelling by generating student interest, concentration, and motivation, facilitating student collaboration and organization of ideas, helping students to comprehend complex learning content, and presenting knowledge in a meaningful manner .
Thus, Yang and Wu ( 2012) indicate that digital storytelling constitutes a meaningful approach for energizing instructors and motivating students. It provides a clear procedure that helps instructors design instructional activities easily, based on the learning by doing method of constructivism. It consists of four phases: pre-production; production; postproduction;…show more content… After completing the scripts, they question each other, engaging in peer critiquing or coaching. Students first practice telling their stories in a traditional manner, which aids in the discovery of details essential to their stories.
Afterward, a story map is designed to illustrate the main components of the story and their relationship to the overall narrative. For instructors, story mapping provides a basis for immediate assessment of students’ stories and provides feedback on how to improve weaker elements of their stories. In addition, students represent their stories in a storyboard format, arranging the sequence of scenes, effects, and other digital components.
Each task in this pre-production phase is paper-based, requiring focus on the content rather than multimedia elements. Writing scripts and story treatments is a key process for creating digital stories since the final product is media-based.
During the production phase, students prepare multimedia elements and record their own…show more content… Preparation Stage: During this stage, students may develop a concept map, generate storyboards, and then create a script for written text or narration. The teacher should generate a formative assessment rubric to help guide students throughout the process. Teacher and students define their audience and determine what the final product will be (video or podcast) and how it will be presented (i.e., in class or posted to the web). They organize the materials and plan for the DS project/assignment. The teacher will decide at this point whether to have students work as individuals, in small groups, or as a whole class. The teacher will also begin creation of a formative assessment. As part of preparation of the assignment, teachers may choose to create an introductory digital storytelling about the topic and have students brainstorm ways to find meaning, point of view, or emotional connections of their