Darwish was born in the village of Al-Birwah in the heart of Palestine in 1941. He became a refugee in 1948, when his family was forced to flee from his homeland. In 1949, Darwish and his family came back from Lebanon to live as internally displaced refugees in another village in his homeland. With the emergence of Darwish's poetry in 1958, a rich voice is added to Arabic poetry as well as the Palestinian poetry.
He started to compose poems when he was still in school aged seventeen. His poetry prospered during his early poetic stage that spanned twelve years. In the 1970s, Darwish joined the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) and he became an active member of PLO outside Palestine. His activism in exile remained dynamic not only politically but also poetically. In fact, he lived outside Palestine for about twenty-six years during which his poetry burgeoned noticeably. Indeed, writing from within one's country and outside of it in Darwish's circumstance of being displaced and expelled requires further scrutiny. Khalidi (2010:1) echoes Darwish's insights when he asserts that:
"The quintessential Palestinian…show more content… Therefore, home is directly related to the conception of place in postcolonial theory and, on the other hand, to the perception of environment in the recent theory of eco-criticism. However, it is also common that one can experience the sense of the loss of home at home. The concept of home is essential to an individual's identity. To lose it to another, for any reason, can cause suffering; for it to happen to a child as a consequence of war and violence is an experience that is distressing. In addition, home is perceived as a significant core of the human heritage in the psyche of people in the Arab