Compare And Contrast Islam And Ottoman Empire

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Islam and Ottoman Empire Islam was the official religion of the Ottoman Empire and became more important after two seminal events: the conquest of Constantinople and the conquest of Arab regions of the Middle East. Sunni clerics had tremendous influence over government and their authority was central to the regulation of the economy. Despite this, the Sultan also had a right to decree, enforcing a code called Kanun (law). Additionally, there was a supreme clerical position called Sheykhulislam ("Sheikh of Islam" in Arabic). Minorities, particularly Christians and Jews, were mandated to pay the jizya (tax), the poll tax as mandated by traditional Islam. Ottoman law did not recognize notions such as ethnicity or citizenship; thus, a Muslim of any ethnic background enjoyed precisely the same rights and privileges under Muslim regimen. It was claimed that under such conditions, Muslim Arabs came to view the empire as a revived Islamic empire. However, even if Caliphate played a significant role, the real existence of these feelings is questionable. By the 17th century, the Maghreb regencies were only nominally under Ottoman control and Egypt was almost independent by the beginning of the 19th century. (Krstic, 2011)…show more content…
The jizya was abolished and the exclusive power of Islam's leaders dwindled. Despite this, the government under the reforming Sultans still sought to reinforce Hanafi Islam where it was seen as under threat in the empire. Parallel to the reforms came Ottomanism, a concept that sought to integrate all Ottoman citizens into one social class with equal tax and military responsibilities. As a result, religious minorities rebelled. (Alexander,

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