Chemical Reduction Method

717 Words3 Pages
Chemical reduction method is a general method that many researchers used to obtain AgNP. These reactions are carried out in solution and the product has colloidal characteristics. The common phenomenon that occurs in these reactions is co-precipitation. The step of these reactions involves reduction, nucleation, growth, and/or agglomeration of the particle [44]. The most important aspect of chemical reduction method is the value of the standard reduction potential (E0). This means that the free energy change in reaction (ΔG0) must be negative, or what is equivalent ΔE0 > 0. In the case of silver, the relatively large electropositive reduction potential of Ag+ → Ag0 in water is +0.799 V [45]. Thus, there are some reducing agents that compatible…show more content…
He synthesized gold nanoparticle from AuCl4- in aqueous solution at boiling temperature using sodium citrate [51]. After this research, many researchers become more interested in studying the mechanism and nanoparticle growth using citrate anion as reductant. From prior research has been known that citrate acted both to reduce the metal cation and stabilize the resulting nanoparticles. Also, it was believed that this reactant played a role in determining the growth of the particles. Pillai and Khamat investigated the function of citrate anion on formation AgNP. It was revealed that AgNP with plasmon maximum absorbance at 420 nm was produced using boiling method at different citrate concentration. Under the equimolar citrate to silver ion concentration, they reported that no reduction of silver ion species [49]. Philai and Khamat also studied the mechanism of AgNP growth using citrate anion. The slow rate in citrate reduction method made a larger size of AgNP, approximately in range 500-100 nm. The first mechanism was the bulk particle of Ag+ ions were reduced by citrate anion. The remaining citrate anion was contacted with the surface of silver metal decreasing the total amount of citrate available in the bulk species to further reduce more Ag+ ions. So, fewer new AgNP seed is formed and the particle would grow via Ostwald ripening (FIGURE 2). The larger particles would form from the smaller ones and it needed

More about Chemical Reduction Method

Open Document