Bengal Tiger Research Paper

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The Bengal Tiger(Panthera tigris) is a top predator and is found in multiple places around the world (Long). Having no natural predators and having the capability of living in different habitats would make it seem like this animal should have no problem maintaining a stable population size. However the Bengal Tiger population is estimated to be slightly more than 2500 in the wild. The Bengal Tiger weighs around 550 pounds and can reach lengths up to 10 feet from nose to the end of the tail (Long). Beginning in the 1940's massive construction has occurred near these tigers homes and near where their prey lives (Long). This causes the prey to move or decreases the population size of the tigers prey. With so little food for the tigers, the population size decreases, or the tigers must find new sources of food. Along with habiat loss, poaching has always been an issue with tigers. In 1993 the International ban on tiger trade was established which slightly decreased poaching (Long). Another problem with habitiat loss is farmland and roads creating small patches of suitable habitat. If the tigers stay in these patches it decreases the gene pool and results in a very small population. Also the risk of inbreeding is increased and therefore increases the chances of that small…show more content…
The small and medium mammal population could explode due to the lack of a predator. Many of these animals need a lot of land to feed and graze on which could lead to them roaming into farmlands. This could ultimately decrease the farm production therefore affecting the community. Also small mammals like rats could reproduce rapidly and become a pest problem. Another possible outcome would be that a competing apex predator such as the leopard would have no competition and the population could grow rapidly. This result would lead to very few prey animals left and have effects on plants and animals in the surrounding

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