successfully built a proven Exchange system that allows an efficient cost effective marketplace for ad networks, advertisers, and publishers to conduct business. The core of this successful Exchange system lies in the ability for advertisers to connect with publishers and vice versa with ease, flexibility, and at low cost. This system has proven to be beneficial to the advertisers, allowing them to capitalize on cost saving advantages and efficiencies, while maximizing revenue. Continuing to allow
for all the organizations to establish the appropriate inventory control systems or to evaluate and improve the existing inventory control systems. Because on the one hand, the organization encounters the inventory-related Costs, including Cost of Holding, Cost of Ordering, Cost of Shortage the increase of each one due to the lack of a suitable inventory control system will have negative effects on the profitability of the organization. On the other hand, since the number of inventory items is largely
market value of a firm at first increases as the firm introduces debt capital into its capital structure, but finally decreases as the cost of financial distress (due to the riskiness of debt capital) outweighs the advantages of the interest tax shields. The theory suggests that firms would choose leverage levels that balance interest tax shields against the costs of financial distress. This is the optimal capital structure that maximizes the value of the
current assets .A stock out creates an unpleasant situation for the organization. If a firm carries excessive inventory the added carrying cost may represent difference between profit & loss. NEED TO HOLD INVENTORY: Production process. Proper flow of goods. Discounts. ADVANTAGES OF HOLDING INVENTORY: Quick service. Discounts. Reduction in ordering cost. Efficient production runs. Production against shortage. Special circumstances.
In a more positive side, they get to reduce business costs by claiming the input tax over raw materials or good and services paid at every level of the business. Furthermore, as GST has a self-policing mechanism, it helps the business to improve compliance. Other than that, it helps to lower down the level
in sales volume. There is no under or over absorption of - All overhead have to be recovered, overhead. (Hence, no adjustment is require otherwise loss will be made. in the income statement) Advantages and Disadvantages of Absorption Costing Advantages Disadvantages Absorption costing includes an element - Not as useful in short term decision of fixed overhead in inventory values.
B) Classification of Analytical Methods Analytical methods are often being classified as either classical or instrumental methods: a) Classical Methods: For qualitative analysis the separated compounds were then treated with reagents that could be recognized by either color, by their boiling or melting points, their solubility in a series of solvents, their optical activities or their refractive indices. For quantitative analysis, the amount of analyte was determined by gravimetric or titrimetric
STATISTICS It deals with the collection of data sets, classification, tabulation of numerical facts and numbers and analyzing as the basis for explanation, description and comparison of different numerical and non-numerical aspects, facts or information.  BIOSTATISTICS It’s a discipline which describe the statistical terms, that includes application of statistics, probability, proportion, computation, tabulation and mathematics related to life sciences. SCOPE OF BISOTATISTICS IN PHARMACY 1
acceleration in product and market variation. The success of electronics, telecommunications, automotive, medical, packaging, appliances, leisure and sports industries in responding to rapidly varying customer demands for higher quality standards with lower costs depends on the ability to develop the product with the application of state-of-art technology. The demand for shorter development time, time to market and reduced product life cycle resulted for the emergence of new paradigm called Rapid Prototyping