Administrative System In Ethiopia

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1.1 Back Ground of the Study Our Country Ethiopia has a long history. The administrative system was evolved from simple to complex and from tradition to modern administrative system . However, empowerment of local government in Ethiopia was started as a result of the down full of the military regime in 1991 through promulgation of the transitional charter and the establishment of the transitional government . The promulgation of the transitional charter was on the ideas of federal arrangement that empowers the then regional administration having the right of nation, nationalities and peoples of self administration. The charter recognized that every nation, nationalities and peoples of the country are at liberty to administer themselves. The…show more content…
Accordingly, article 50(4) State government shall be established at State and other administrative levels that they find necessary and adequate power shall be granted to the lowest units of government to enable the People to participate directly in the administration of such units. and One of the principles of democratic governments is the principle of separation of powers. Under this principle, each organ of government has independent and separate function . On the other hand, what makes the concept of democracy very attractive and important is that it enables the people to participate in decision making process through their representative on important and sensitive issues of their own . So, the current administrative system comes about as a result of Ethiopia embarking on the road of decentralization to devolve power to the lower levels of government, and hence, in an effort to realize this end, the district level decentralization program (DLDP) was…show more content…
Presently, the regional state is organized in to 14 zones, 4 special weredas, 131 weredas and 3999 kebeles. As SNNPRS, 2001 revised constitution Art 45(2) of envisages that each ethnic group in the region has the right to establish their own Sub-Regional Units which are named as Zone/Special Woreda governments. In this regard ethnic groups with a large population settling on a large geographical area are allowed to have a zonal administration while those with smaller population size are entitled to special wereda. However, Burji wereda is a rural wereda located in Segen Area Peoples Zone in SNNPRS. The wereda is 260 km far from the capital city of Southern Nations, Nationalities and people's regional state Hawassa to southern direction. Burji wereda is bordered in the north with Amaro wereda, in the south and east with Oromyia regional state and in the west with Konso wereda. According to the Ethiopia population and housing census of 2007 the Burji wereda population No. is 71,871, and the Burji wereda people or Burji ethnic group has its own distinct identities. Until 1991 through promulgation of transitional charter and the establishment of the transitional government the Burji ethnic group have had no opportunity to protect, promote, and practices their local government power as a

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