Thyroid Pregnancy Case Study

1208 Words5 Pages
Background: Thyroid disease is a disorder that affects the thyroid gland. Sometimes the body produces too much or too little thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormones regulate metabolism—the way the body uses energy—and affect nearly every organ in the body. Thyroid hormone plays a critical role during pregnancy both in the development of a healthy baby and in maintaining the health of the mother. Aims & Objective: To evaluate the thyroid status in pregnancy in light of controversial data. To evaluate outcome of pregnancy in compromised thyroid status. Methodology: The present case control study was conducted on 100 patients (obstetric cases) attended and managed in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology attached to Geetanjali Medical College…show more content…
Too little thyroid hormone is called hypothyroidism and can cause many of the body’s functions to slow down.[1] Thyroid hormone plays a critical role during pregnancy both in the development of a healthy baby and in maintaining the health of the mother. Two pregnancy-related hormones—human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and estrogen—cause increased thyroid hormone levels in the blood. Made by the placenta, hCG is similar to TSH and mildly stimulates the thyroid to produce more thyroid hormone. Increased estrogen produces higher levels of thyroid-binding globulin, also known as thyroxine-binding globulin, a protein that transports thyroid hormone in the blood. [2] These normal hormonal changes can sometimes make thyroid function tests during pregnancy difficult to interpret.Thyroid hormone is critical to normal development of the baby’s brain and nervous system. During the first trimester, the fetus depends on the mother’s supply of thyroid hormone, which comes through the placenta. At around 12 weeks, the baby’s thyroid begins to function on its own. [3] MATERIAL AND…show more content…
Sick Euthyroid Syndrome. 6. Resistance to thyroid hormone. In the proposed study the case study was done as per pre laid proforma (CASE RECORD). All patients were questioned and the information of the interview was recorded on the printed proforma. Details about patient’s name, age, husband’s name and address, urban or rural, education status, S/E status were taken. Details about obstetric history, menstrual history, associated medical problems and obstetric complication (if any) were noted. The blood collection and sample study was done in clinical laboratory attached to the Department of Biochemistry, Geetanjali Medical College and Hospital, Udaipur. Fasting blood sample was investigated for the following parameters:- • T3 (Triiodothyronine). • T4 (Thyroxine). • TSH (Thyrotropin Stimulating Hormone). The collected samples were incubated at 370C for 15 minutes in the incubator and then centrifuged for 10 minutes at approximately 3000 rpm and serum obtained was used in thyroid assay. All the thyroid parameters were measured by ECLIA (Electro chemiluminescence immunoassay) and were done on Elecsys 2010 using commercial available kits of Cobas. Obtained results of case group was compared with control group for detrmiantion of difference of

More about Thyroid Pregnancy Case Study

Open Document