The Pros And Cons Of Bitumen

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Petroleum, together with coal and oil, is classified as a fossil fuel. Fossil fuels take millions of years to form. In fact when sea animals and plants die their remains become buried under several thousand feet of mud and sand, and that is how they are formed. Therefore, petroleum is also considered as a non-renewable energy source. Petroleum is formed by hydrocarbons with the addition of certain other materials, mainly sulphur. A hydrocarbon itself is a mixture of carbon and hydrogen. Petroleum in its natural form is usually named crude oil. The natural color of crude oil when first collected form the nature is clear, green or black and may be either thin like gasoline or thick like tar. Waste can be related to human concept in the nature,…show more content…
Bitumen has been used in many countries as well as Europe, Canada, and United State to set and stabilize radioactive materials. Bitumen makes immovable waste by encapsulation; it does not bind the waste chemically. The main benefits of bitumen as a waste form are the production simplicity, low operating cost, and strong leach characteristics (Performance, 2011). However, bitumen does not perform well with waterless slats, such as magnesium chloride, aluminum sulfate, sodium sulfate, and sodium nitrate. Bitumen also can be wasted like nitrates are involved (Performance, 2011). Consequently, like all industries, the bitumen industry produces wastes. Whatever asphalt which is the final product of the bitumen is used, these wastes must be managed in ways which minimize their impact on the environment and save more product and save more…show more content…
But it is obvious that ancient people adored and loved blessed fires that were fired by natural gas leaking to the surface through holes and cracks (Fagan, 1999). As also indicated by prior studies asphalt which is a very sticky form of petroleum was used to waterproof boats and heat homes as early as 6,000 BC. Asphalt was also used as an embalming instrument for mummies and in the building of the Egyptian pyramids around 3,000 BC (Fagan, 1999; Hubbert, 1966). Therefore, from the very beginnings of civilization petroleum and its products were recognized. Moreover, in the late 1800's when petroleum replaced with coal as the main energy for the machines of the industrial revolution the importance of petroleum to people took a huge jump (Fagan, 1999; Parra, 2004). Today in industrialized society, petroleum means power. It provides the mechanical power to run industries and machines. Petroleum also known as political power that gives power to some counties which own and export that to others which depend on to supply their sources and

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