To assess the effect of meditation on spiritual quotient and psychological well-being.
1. To assess the spiritual quotient and psychological well-being of males and females who regularly meditate.
2. To assess the spiritual quotient and psychological well-being of males and females who do not regularly meditate.
3. To assess the difference in spiritual quotient and psychological well-being of meditators and non-meditators.
4. To explore the relationship (if any) between spiritual quotient and psychological well-being.
1. There would be a significant difference of spiritual quotient among meditator and no-meditator males.
2. There would be a significant difference of psychological well-being among meditator…show more content… Kavita Koradia, Rikhita Singhal, Dr. Darshan Narang 2008 26
Ryff’s Psychological Well-being Scale Carol Ryff 1989 42
DESCRIPTION OF TOOLS
i. Spiritual Quotient Questionnaire (Koradia, Singhal and Narang, 2008)
Description: The Spiritual Quotient Scale (S.Q. Scale) was developed by Dr. Kavita Koradia, Rikhita Singhal and Dr. Darshan Narang in 2008. It is a self-administering scale consists of 26 items. The respondents are allowed to give four possible answers (viz. strongly agree, agree, disagree, strongly disagree). Each items should be scored likewise 4 for ‘strongly agree’, 3 for ‘agree’, 2 for ‘disagree’, 1 for ‘strongly disagree’.
Reliability, validity and norms: The validity of this scale was determined by tetrachoric ‘r’ between the total scores of 53 items pool of preliminary draft and total scores on 26 selected item pool was 0.96. Reliability of the scale was determined by Spearman Brown Prophecy formula by split half method which was equal to 0.83. The norms of S.Q. scale are based on 270 women professionals viz. university teachers, government doctors and government administrative officers. The age range was between 40-50 years.
ii. Ryff’s Psychological well-being scale (Ryff,