El Salvador Civil War Research Paper

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The Salvadoran Civil War began in 1980 and ended in 1992. A group of five left-wing guerilla groups formed the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front. They were one of the main participants in this grueling war along with the El Salvadoran government. On October 15, 1979, there was a coup that consisted of the killing of guerilla protesters and is considered to be the leaning point towards this war. The inequality of social classes caused the eruption of this civil war between the FMLN and the El Salvadoran government, causing the death of 75,000 people. The Farabundo Marti National Liberation Front was formed on October 10, 1980 for the purpose of fighting for the new reforms in El Salvador. The guerilla groups that took part in this organization…show more content…
One of the major things the FMLN did as a strategy was kidnapping government officials and taking them hostage or killing them. They also refused to vote in presidential elections because they thought it would help the government in the war and had peace talks, which the government did not like. They became more advanced by using imported arms and grenade launchers. During the year 1989, the FMLN completed their largest offensive in the war. This offense took control of the capital of San Salvador and major sections of the country. By the FMLN doing so, they took the El Salvadoran government off guard. The FMLN took control of poor neighborhoods, but the government bombed the area as well as some residential areas. This was a good move on the government’s side because they drove the FMLN out of this zone. This second offense was not successful because they failed to overthrow the government, which was their purpose for the attack. But by the FMLN completing this offense, they showed that the government would not be able to defeat them and this was a turning point of the war. One of the most famous FMLN attacks was in the Sheraton hotel in San Salvador. Guerillas and the government battled aggressively by

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