20 000 Leagues Under The Sea Symbolism

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20,000 Leagues under the Sea, a miraculous novel written by Jules Verne, vividly depicts a valiant struggle for freedom aboard the Nautilus. Pierre Aronnax, a marine biologist and oceanographer, along with his faithful servant, Counseil, and the talented harpoonist, Ned Land, are all captured by Captain Nemo and his mates, hence, incarcerated in a dungeon on the submarine. Over the course of the book, the author tries to convey that freedom, an intangible benefit, becomes the incentive that drives the characters to perform the actions they did, eventually leading to conflict; although Captain Nemo allows for the prisoners to roam about the submarine, he firmly states that they will never see face of the sun ever again. The novel begins in 1867 with the narrator discussing Cunard, the entrepreneur who earned his fame in the shipping industry. “Cunard” helps us derive the setting as we know what relative time period Cunard’s shipping business became popular. In the second chapter, hints are exhibited telling us that the narrator, Pierre, was returning from a scientific expedition in the Badlands found in Nebraska. He found out about this journey since the French government had given him the opportunity as he possessed…show more content…
The first example uses symbolism of the sun. When Captain Nemo says that the prisoners will never see the face of the sun again, the sun indirectly symbolizes a bright glimmer of hope. By saying that they will never see the sun translates into the fact that the glimmer of hope in the prisoners’ hearts will eventually blow out like a candle, so that they will have no means of escape from the twisted labyrinth they are caught up in. Next, the harpoon that Ned Land loves to use resembles a passion the Land fights for. Throughout the story, freedom motivates Ned Land just like a harpoon would entice him. The author uses this to reflect the theme of

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