Thucydides Phenomenon Of The Peloponnesian War

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The Athenian and Spartan strategies. Thucydides (460-400) occupies a unique niche within the inner circle of senior historians, not because he conveys to us the facts of the war that formed a turning point in the history of classical Greece, nor was he a direct witness and an active actor in a large part of its corridors. But because he has succeeded in covering (the Peloponnesian War) the historical war that took place in the last third of the 5th century B.C, by Diverting it to a useful sources of information that inspired people throughout history and all over the world. According to Craig Nation, “In our time no armed conflict anywhere in the world is fought to a conclusion without some attempt to use [Thucydides’] work as a vehicle for…show more content…
There have been many views behind the root cause of the war. However, the main reason was that Sparta’s conception of a threat and the fear from the growing, rising power of Athens, and there Hegemonic Ambition, and Expansionism led to this Phenomenon of rise and fear described by Graham Allison as “Thucydides’ Trap” that caused Greek tragedy. According to Thucydides, “The real cause, however, I consider to be the one which was formally most kept out of sight. The growth of the power of Athens, and the alarm which this inspired in Sparta, made war inevitable” . The second Peloponnesian War was consequence of the first Peloponnesian War that was a clear continuity; as a result, the political objectives of the Athenians and the Spartans were entirely different. The Athens known for its democratic government, powerful sea power, allies and trade based economy there political objectives was to expand toward Italy and to regain power throw out…show more content…
According to Thucydides, the strategic objective of Sparta was to destroy the Athenian empire. “Finally, the growth of Athenian power could no longer be ignored… Their political objectives was determined to restrain Athens, by overthrowing its democratic regime. Sparta government was oligarchic. It had a powerful military land power and agriculturally based economy. Sparta strategic was destroying the Athenian army in a land battle at the beginning of the war by luring the Athenians outside their walls part of this strategy is to have the Athenians to fight everywhere, leaving them strong nowhere. The Spartans were convinced for them to defeat the Athenians they need to fight them in a multi theater war or already committed to fighting in some other

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