Deontology Vs Teleological Approach

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Deontology and Teleology are two theories of moral actions that explain how we humans reason and determine on whether or not to take action. The theory of Deontology -- coming from the Greek word “deon,” meaning duty -- indicates that we are morally obligated to act in accordance with a certain set of principles or rules regardless of the outcome. On the contrary, teleology is the obligation to take the course of action that achieves the best outcome. In the real world, we humans use both theories daily, especially when making decisions that can affect the entire population. Although the deontological approach is still commonly used, the teleological approach is better when it comes to real world issues for three reasons: it presents a more…show more content…
It looks at the consequence of each action in a process and determines whether good can come out of it. If so, it creates another case, creating another, and the cycle continues. The teleological approach reaches all the possibilities of a single action. On the contrary, deontology focuses on what is right and wrong with one action, and if that’s wrong they stop the whole process. Turning off the life support for one patient creates more space for another patient with a better chance of surviving. By looking at the possible consequences first, other possibilities arise and one can see how this can affect other cases, such as the increased chance of others to survive, saving families their money and the hospital their resources. The deontological approach would focus on the action of killing the patient, see this is as unethical, and go no further than this step, allowing them to stay on life support and not pay attention to the other patients that may need it. By looking at the bigger picture, one can take in all the different possibilities rather than focusing on the impossibility of one certain…show more content…
It gives freedom to the people to do whatever they want in order to achieve their individual happiness. Deontology forbids such a thing. According to deontology, one cannot get what they want if the action is bad, because instead it puts actions before outcomes. Therefore, they are not freed but enchained to the rule that in order to achieve what they want, they have to get to it through only good actions. The problem with this would be when deciding between two evils, such as an abortion after rape. If a woman is raped and wants to have an abortion, it is unfair to say that she cannot have the abortion because it involves killing another being, causing her to birth her illegitimate child, ruining her life and her potential. On the other hand, teleology says that if what the woman wants is to get rid of the baby because of the fact that she had been raped, then she should be free to get the abortion. If it is what she wants, then she should go for it. This generally produces more happiness for individuals, protecting their freedoms outlined in the Bill of

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