Reference > William Shakespeare > The Oxford Shakespeare > 1 King Henry VI.
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William Shakespeare (1564–1616).  The Oxford Shakespeare.  1914.
 
The First Part of King Henry the Sixth
 
Act IV. Scene I.
 
Paris.  A Room of State.
 
Enter KING HENRY, GLOUCESTER, EXETER, YORK, SUFFOLK, SOMERSET, the BISHOP OF WINCHESTER, WARWICK, TALBOT, the Governor of Paris, and Others.
  Glo.  Lord bishop, set the crown upon his head.
  Win.  God save King Henry, of that name the sixth.
  Glo.  Now, Governor of Paris, take your oath,—  [Governor kneels.        5
That you elect no other king but him,
Esteem none friends but such as are his friends,
And none your foes but such as shall pretend
Malicious practices against his state:
This shally ye do, so help you righteous God!  [Exeunt Governor and his Train.        10
 
Enter SIR JOHN FASTOLFE.
  Fast.  My gracious sovereign, as I rode from Calais,
To haste unto your coronation,
A letter was deliver’d to my hands,
Writ to your Grace from the Duke of Burgundy.        15
  Tal.  Shame to the Duke of Burgundy and thee!
I vow’d, base knight, when I did meet thee next,
To tear the garter from thy craven’s leg;  [Plucking it off.
Which I have done, because unworthily
Thou wast installed in that high degree.        20
Pardon me, princely Henry, and the rest:
This dastard, at the battle of Patay,
When but in all I was six thousand strong,
And that the French were almost ten to one,
Before we met or that a stroke was given,        25
Like to a trusty squire did run away:
In which assault we lost twelve hundred men;
Myself, and divers gentlemen beside,
Were there surpris’d and taken prisoners.
Then judge, great lords, if I have done amiss;        30
Or whether that such cowards ought to wear
This ornament of knighthood, yea, or no?
  Glo.  To say the truth, this fact was infamous
And ill beseeming any common man,
Much more a knight, a captain and a leader.        35
  Tal.  When first this order was ordain’d, my lords,
Knights of the garter were of noble birth,
Valiant and virtuous, full of haughty courage,
Such as were grown to credit by the wars;
Not fearing death, nor shrinking for distress,        40
But always resolute in most extremes.
He then that is not furnish’d in this sort
Doth but usurp the sacred name of knight,
Profaning this most honourable order;
And should—if I were worthy to be judge—        45
Be quite degraded, like a hedge-born swain
That doth presume to boast of gentle blood.
  K. Hen.  Stain to thy countrymen! thou hear’st thy doom.
Be packing therefore, thou that wast a knight;
Henceforth we banish thee on pain of death.  [Exit FASTOLFE.        50
And now, my Lord Protector, view the letter
Sent from our uncle Duke of Burgundy.
  Glo.  [Viewing superscription.]  What means his Grace, that he hath chang’d his style?
No more, but plain and bluntly, To the King!
Hath he forgot he is his sovereign?        55
Or doth this churlish superscription
Pretend some alteration in good will?
What’s here? I have, upon especial cause,
Mov’d with compassion of my country’s wrack,
Together with the pitiful complaints        60
Of such as your oppression feeds upon,
Forsaken your pernicious faction,
And join’d with Charles, the rightful King of France.
O, monstrous treachery! Can this be so,
That in alliance, amity, and oaths,        65
There should be found such false dissembling guile?
  K. Hen.  What! doth my uncle Burgundy revolt?
  Glo.  He doth, my lord, and is become your foe.
  K. Hen.  Is that the worst this letter doth contain?
  Glo.  It is the worst, and all, my lord, he writes.        70
  K. Hen.  Why then, Lord Talbot there shall talk with him,
And give him chastisement for this abuse.
How say you, my lord? are you not content?
  Tal.  Content, my liege! Yes: but that I am prevented,
I should have begg’d I might have been employ’d.        75
  K. Hen.  Then gather strength, and march unto him straight:
Let him perceive how ill we brook his treason,
And what offence it is to flout his friends.
  Tal.  I go, my lord; in heart desiring still
You may behold confusion of your foes.  [Exit.        80
 
Enter VERNON and BASSET.
  Ver.  Grant me the combat, gracious sovereign!
  Bas.  And me, my lord; grant me the combat too!
  York.  This is my servant: hear him, noble prince!
  Som.  And this is mine: sweet Henry, favour him!        85
  K. Hen.  Be patient, lords; and give them leave to speak.
Say, gentlemen, what makes you thus exclaim?
And wherefore crave you combat? or with whom?
  Ver.  With him, my lord; for he hath done me wrong.
  Bas.  And I with him; for he hath done me wrong.        90
  K. Hen.  What is that wrong whereof you both complain?
First let me know, and then I’ll answer you.
  Bas.  Crossing the sea from England into France,
This fellow here, with envious carping tongue,
Upbraided me about the rose I wear;        95
Saying, the sanguine colour of the leaves
Did represent my master’s blushing cheeks,
When stubbornly he did repugn the truth
About a certain question in the law
Argu’d betwixt the Duke of York and him;        100
With other vile and ignominious terms:
In confutation of which rude reproach,
And in defence of my lord’s worthiness,
I crave the benefit of law of arms.
  Ver.  And that is my petition, noble lord:        105
For though he seem with forged quaint conceit,
To set a gloss upon his bold intent,
Yet know, my lord, I was provok’d by him;
And he first took exceptions at this badge,
Pronouncing, that the paleness of this flower        110
Bewray’d the faintness of my master’s heart.
  York.  Will not this malice, Somerset, be left?
  Som.  Your private grudge, my Lord of York, will out,
Though ne’er so cunningly you smother it.
  K. Hen.  Good Lord! what madness rules in brain-sick men,        115
When, for so slight and frivolous a cause,
Such factious emulations shall arise!
Good cousins both, of York and Somerset,
Quiet yourselves, I pray, and be at peace.
  York.  Let this dissension first be tried by fight,        120
And then your highness shall command a peace.
  Som.  The quarrel toucheth none but us alone;
Betwixt ourselves let us decide it, then.
  York.  There is my pledge; accept it, Somerset.
  Ver.  Nay, let it rest where it began at first.        125
  Bas.  Confirm it so, mine honourable lord.
  Glo.  Confirm it so! Confounded be your strife!
And perish ye, with your audacious prate!
Presumptuous vassals! are you not asham’d,
With this immodest clamorous outrage        130
To trouble and disturb the king and us?—
And you, my lords, methinks you do not well
To bear with their perverse objections;
Much less to take occasion from their mouths
To raise a mutiny betwixt yourselves:        135
Let me persuade you take a better course.
  Exe.  It grieves his highness: good my lords, be friends.
  K. Hen.  Come hither, you that would be combatants.
Henceforth I charge you, as you love our favour,
Quite to forget this quarrel and the cause.        140
And you, my lords, remember where we are;
In France, amongst a fickle wav’ring nation.
If they perceive dissension in our looks,
And that within ourselves we disagree,
How will their grudging stomachs be provok’d        145
To wilful disobedience, and rebel!
Beside, what infamy will there arise,
When foreign princes shall be certified
That for a toy, a thing of no regard,
King Henry’s peers and chief nobility        150
Destroy’d themselves, and lost the realm of France!
O! think upon the conquest of my father,
My tender years, and let us not forego
That for a trifle that was bought with blood!
Let me be umpire in this doubtful strife.        155
I see no reason, if I wear this rose;  [Putting on a red rose.
That any one should therefore be suspicious
I more incline to Somerset than York:
Both are my kinsmen, and I love them both.
As well they may upbraid me with my crown,        160
Because, forsooth, the King of Scots is crown’d.
But your discretions better can persuade
Than I am able to instruct or teach:
And therefore, as we hither came in peace,
So let us still continue peace and love.        165
Cousin of York, we institute your Grace
To be our regent in these parts of France:
And, good my Lord of Somerset, unite
Your troops of horsemen with his bands of foot;
And like true subjects, sons of your progenitors,        170
Go cheerfully together and digest
Your angry choler on your enemies.
Ourself, my Lord Protector, and the rest,
After some respite will return to Calais;
From thence to England; where I hope ere long        175
To be presented by your victories,
With Charles, Alençon, and that traitorous rout.  [Flourish.  Exeunt all but YORK, WARWICK, EXETER, and VERNON.
  War.  My Lord of York, I promise you, the king
Prettily, methought, did play the orator.
  York.  And so he did; but yet I like it not,        180
In that he wears the badge of Somerset.
  War.  Tush! that was but his fancy, blame him not;
I dare presume, sweet prince, he thought no harm.
  York.  An if I wist he did,—But let it rest;
Other affairs must now be managed.  [Exeunt YORK, WARWICK, and VERNON.        185
  Exe.  Well didst thou, Richard, to suppress thy voice;
For had the passions of thy heart burst out,
I fear we should have seen decipher’d there
More rancorous spite, more furious raging broils,
Than yet can be imagin’d or suppos’d.        190
But howsoe’er, no simple man that sees
This jarring discord of nobility,
This shouldering of each other in the court,
This factious bandying of their favourites,
But that it doth presage some ill event.        195
’Tis much when sceptres are in children’s hands;
But more, when envy breeds unkind division:
There comes the ruin, there begins confusion.  [Exit.
 
 
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